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REFERENCE LISTS

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

In a communications emergency, monitor W1AW for special bulletins: voice on the hour
Frequencies are 1.855, 3.99, 7.29, 14.29, 18.16, 21.39, 28.59 and 147.555 MHz.

If there are no restrictions monitor Phila ARES primary and secondary repeater frequencies on the hour.
If repeaters are down, meet on the output frequency and you will be directed from there.

EMERGENCY FREQUENCIES

Amateur Frequencies

147.030 + 91.5 Philadelphia ARES (Phil-Mont repeater system)
444.800 + 186.2 Philadelphia ARES (Phil-Mont repeater system linked to 147.030)
146.685 - 146.2 Philadelphia ARES Backup (H.A.R.C. repeater)
147.300 + 131.8 Bucks County Skywarn Primary Freq. BEARS (Bristol Emergency Amateur Radio System)
444.200 + 131.8 Bucks County Skywarn Primary Freq. BEARS (Bristol Emergency Amateur Radio System)
146.520 Simplex - Ham calling & Wilderness protocol
146.55 Simplex - Unofficial National Storm Spotting (146.46 Backup)
14.325 Hurricane Watch Net - Highly structured net activated only during Hurricanes - Please just monitor.

Other Radio Services

CB - Channel 9 AM 27.065
FRS - Channel 1, no privicy codes 462.5625
GMRS - 462.675 FM, repeater output 467.675

Public Service Agencies - For monitoring ONLY.

162.475 NOAA Weather Radio - Mt. Holly Office. Emergency Manager Weather Page
121.500 (AM) Air Emergency - Guard Channel Civil
243.000 (AM) Air Emergency - Guard Channel Military
138.225 FEMA disaster relief
154.280 Interdepartment Fire - Pri (white)
154.265 Interdepartment Fire (red)
154.295 Interdepartment Fire (blue)
154.285 National Interagency EMS
155.160 Interdepartment SAR
155.475 National Law Enforcement Emergency Channel
156.750 Maritime Weather Alerts - channel 15
156.800 Maritime Emergency Channel - VHF channel 16
2.182 (AM) Maritime Off shore distress
163.4875 National Guard during emergencies
163.5125 Armed Forces - National Disaster Preparedness
165.375 Secret Service National Channel
167.5625 FBI National Channel
168.550 Federal Government Civilian Agencies - during emergencies
47.42 Red Cross national frequency

PHONETIC ALPHABET

Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf
Hotel India Juilet Kilo Lima Mike November
Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo Sierra Tango Uniform
Victor Wiskey X-Ray Yankee Zulu


PROWORDS - (Procedural Words)

  • THIS IS - Identifies who is calling, should precede your callsign in every transmission during a DIRECTED NET operation.
  • OVER - Used at the end of a transmission when additional communications is expected.
  • GO AHEAD - Gives permission for another station to transmit.
  • OUT - Used to indicate that no further communication is expected, the conversation between the parties has ended.
  • CLEAR - End of contact.
  • ROGER - Means that you understood the transmission of another station. This is not to be confused with answering a question in the affirmative.
  • AFFIRMATIVE - Yes: a distinctive sound and clear meaning under noisy conditions.
  • NEGATIVE - No: a distinctive sound and clear meaning under noisy conditions.
  • SAY AGAIN - Tells the other operator that you need a fill or repeat of information that was previously transmitted.
  • CORRECTION - I made an error and am transmitting again from the last correct word.
  • WAIT - Cease transmission until "wait" station resumes comunication or signals "out". "Waiting" station is asking the frequency stay clear for a brief period. They are expected to resume communication shortly or end the communication with an "out".
  • MIXED GROUPS - Groups of letters and numbers that, taken together, represent a single group. The rule for transmitting mixed groups by voice: If the group starts with a letter, use "I SPELL" if a mixed group starts with a number use "FIGURES".
  • I SPELL - Use the phonetic alphabet. Many words in the English language sound alike but have entirely different meanings. In order to make certain that the recipient of information understands what word we're using, when we encounter words we cannot pronounce, words that sound like other words, or uncommon words, we phonetically spell them out.
  • INITIAL - A single letter will be phonetically spelled preceded by the proword "INITIAL". The words "I" and "a" are considered words, not initials, should not be pronounced phonetically.
  • FIGURES - Used to advise that you are about to transmit is a group of numbers, or, a mixed group containing both numbers and letters but beginning with a number.
  • NUMBER - Used to advise that you are about to transmit is a group of numbers only.

    BREAK TAGS:

    When net communication gets heavy, someone may have a quick solution to a problem that is taking up too much valuable airtime for discussion, but can’t break into the net to share it. The use of “Break Tags” is the way to deal with such a scenario. These tags have been used with great success in large public/emergency services nets.

    Here is how they work:
    Instead of saying “break” between transmissions during a directed net, the operator uses the word specified as a Break Tag with there call sign. They are to be used only when the operator’s traffic will be appreciated by net control and results in more efficient communication. They are to be used wisely, as net control is directed to stop and query the breaking station. The message that follows a break should be as short as possible. Make sure you know what you are going to say before using a break tag; some people can compose the transmission in their head, others will need to write the information down.

    Here are the definitions and how they are used:

  • EMERGENCY - Only to be used to report an ongoing life or property threatening or damaging incident.
  • MEDICAL - To be used to report a minor medical incident that affects the operator in some way; for example, having to leave his/her post for a few minutes to walk someone with a minor cut over to a med tent.
  • PRIORITY - To be used to report an important but non-life threatening situation such as a fender-bender that just happened.
  • ANSWER - To be used when you have the definitive answer to a question currently being discussed on the air.
  • QUESTION - To be used when the answer of a question can’t wait; for example, when the mayor is standing next to you and requesting you to get information using your radio.
  • INFO - To be used when information needs to be transmitted rapidly but is not related to what is being said on the air; for example, if an event that net control needs to know about is going to happen in the next few seconds or if waiting for the end of an exchange will negate the value of the information.
  • Your Call Sign - Traditionally used as a break tag, but when used alone does not give the net control station the same amount of information that the other break tags do.
  • ANNOUNCEMENT - Used to let net control know you have an announcement of general interest for the net.
  • CONTACT - Used to let net control of your desire to make contact with a station after the net. Used primarily for “one on one” information that isn’t intended for the entire net.
  • TRAFFIC - Used when formal NTS or Incident Command System ICS-213 needs to be relayed to another station. Use this break tag during the Philadelphia weekly ARES net to pass formal messages to another station. Net control will arrange to have a receiving station stand by after the net to receive any formal traffic.

    Using “Break Tags” takes little training. Its use is contagious and comes very naturally. Other RACES/ARES groups around the country are using them with good results.



    CFR Part 97


    Hazardous Material Classes

    Class 1 - Explosives
    Class 2 - Gases
    2.1 - Flamable gases
    2.2 - Non-flammable, Non-toxic gases
    2.3 - Toxic gasses
    Class 3 - Flammable Liquids
    Class 4 - Flammable Solids
    Class 5
    5.1- Oxidizing Substances
    5.2 - Organic Peroxides Class 6
    6.1 - Toxic Substances
    6.2 - Infectious Substances Class 7 - Radioactive Material
    Class 8 - Corrosive Substances
    Class 9 - Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles.

    NOTE: The numerical order of the classes and divisions is not that of the degree of danger.

    Philadelphia Area Airport Codes

    PHL - Philadelphia Intrernational Airport
    PNE - Northeast Philadelphia Airport
    PSQ - Philadelphia Seaplane Base (Essington)
    LOM - Wings Field
    TTN - Trenton Mercer County Airport
    P72 - Penn's Landing Heliport
    PS16 - Holy Redeemer Hospital
    PA03 - Hospital of the University of PA
    PA62 - Temple University


    ARES & Emcomm Manuals

    EPA ARES Emergency Communications Plan
    EPA ARES Digital Guidelines
    ARES Field Resource Manual
    Public Service Comunications Manual S1C1
    NOAA Storm Spotters Guide




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    Revised 10/25/10